Diving in the Pacific: Where exactly are the Galapagos Islands?

Located approximately 600 miles (1,000 kilometers) east of Ecuador in South America, the Galapagos Islands are considered a scuba diving bucket list destination, as they not only offer unique terrestrial ecosystems but also an underwater world teeming with life.

These volcanic islands owe their existence to millions of years of geological processes, shaped by the movement of tectonic plates. The Nazca Plate’s subduction beneath the South American Plate led to volcanic eruptions, giving birth to the Ecuadorean archipelago.

Situated amidst two significant ocean currents—the cold Humboldt Current from the south and the warm Panama Current from the north—the islands experience a dynamic and diverse climate and ecosystem. These strong currents create a nutrient-rich environment that sustains an incredible diversity of marine life throughout the year.

The Galapagos Marine Reserve’s rich biodiversity introduces divers to a range of unique marine species. Divers can see schools of hammerhead sharks, mantas, whale sharks, sea turtles, sting rays, marine iguanas, hundreds of different species of fish, and so much more.

To reach the archipelago, a flight can be taken from either Guayaquil or Quito. From these locations, Avianca facilitates transportation to both San Cristobal and Baltra, the only islands in the Galapagos with airports. For those traveling from Quito, it’s important to note that a brief stopover in Guayaquil is included as part of the route before the journey continues to San Cristobal.

From unparalleled biodiversity to thrilling encounters with large pelagic species, this destination promises a scuba diving experience like no other. As you embark on this underwater adventure, remember to respect the delicate balance of nature and savor the privilege of exploring one of the planet’s most enchanting and well-preserved marine ecosystems.